Nowadays, there’s a wide array of choices when it comes to the food we serve our feline pets. And, since diet is a very important component of a healthy life, choosing the right cat food might be a daunting experience.

The best thing one can do as a loving pet owner is to make informed food choices. Do your research, consult your veterinarian and check the label of the food you serve. 

Here are the important things to review about your cat’s food: 

Calories

Find cat food with a reasonable amount of calories per serving. Otherwise, you are setting your cat up for weight gain and the many health problems that obesity ensues. About 300 calories per cup of dry food and 250 calories per cup of wet food. So if you are feeding your cat 2 times a day, ⅖ of a cup per feeding should suffice. 

Fiber

Fiber helps with satiety, the propagation of good bacteria in the gut and the decrease of bad bacteria. Thus it is great for maintaining weight. Fiber also has anti-inflammatory and immune system-boosting properties. 

Amino Acids

Amino acids are important for cats. To illustrate, a deficiency in the amino acid, Taurine, will lead to problems with digestion, muscle function and development, and even vision. Amino acids also aid the immune system. Taurine is also especially important for gestating cats. 

Protein

Cats need this macronutrient to maintain their lean and agile physique. Protein is also a source of energy for cats. As the obligate carnivores that they are, cats need a protein-based diet although little amounts of carbohydrates are tolerated. 

Vitamins

Vitamins are important for proper bodily functions. Vitamin A and E are needed for skin rejuvenation and repair.  Vitamin B2 is important for protein metabolism. Its vision, growth, and health need vitamins to stay healthy. Vitamins are also imperative to fight off common diseases and viruses by boosting the immune system. 

Calcium

99 percent of the calcium that your cat consumes goes to its teeth and bones. Hence, strong cats and bones are dependent on the amount of this mineral on its diet. 

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids like Omega-3 are usually found in animal fat like fish oil and lard. Vegetable oil is also a good source. These fatty acids are important for a healthy and beautiful coat and skin which translates to shine and minimize shedding. Further, the cat’s metabolism and reproductive well being are also dependent on these essential fatty acids. In addition, the transportation of vitamins D, K, E and A are also assisted by essential fatty acids. 

Minerals

Important bodily functions like muscle contraction, nutrient absorption, oxygen transportation and many more are assisted by essential minerals like magnesium, potassium, zinc, sodium, copper and many more. Do your research and consult your veterinarian to be able to provide the complete range of minerals your feline friend needs.

Fat

Aside from making their food more palatable, fat can also be a source of energy for cats. Fats are not readily converted to energy however, so moderate amount is best to avoid weight gain.

Your cat can definitely eat its way to a healthy and happy life. We, as cat owners, just need to take the first step— an informed choice on cat food. So do your due diligence and express your love for your cat one serving at a time.

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